menuMENU    UK Free TV logo Freeview



Click to see updates

Freeview reception - all about aerials

Your ability to receive all the Freeview transmissions depends on the suitability of aerial: the design style, "group" and its physical location.

Your ability to receive all the Freeview transmissions depends
published on UK Free TV

Updated 8th January 2014.

Your ability of receive all the Freeview transmissions depends on the suitability of aerial

  • the design style,
  • the "group", and
  • its physical location.

Standard type - Yagi aerial

The standard type of TV aerial is known as the Yagi aerial. It is mounted on a pole, and consists of a rod with a reflector (shown green) at the back and many spiky elements (in grey) at the front. The connecting cable connects to the element nearest the reflector, known as the driver (shown in blue).

These Yagi aerials are directional and so pick up signals best from a transmitter that the rod points towards. The more elements the aerial has, the better it picks up a signal and becomes more directional.

A standard-type aerial is all that is required for digital TV reception in most places. These antennae have between 10 and 18 elements and a single reflector. These are recommended for new installations for good digital television reception, but will more often than not function perfectly in good reception areas.

Typically these aerials are designed to receive only some transmission frequencies - see "groups" below.

High Gain aerials

These aerials are designed for poor digital reception areas, and have two reflectors. For maximum signal strength, some digital high gain aerials have up to 100 elements. Since the switchover to digital-only transmissions back in October 2012, most UK households now have good quality digital TV signals.

A more expensive aerial is only required where the signal strength is low, but can often provide the whole Freeview reception where it might otherwise be impossible.

The CAI (that represents aerial installers) has four standards for digital TV aerials. The highest standard "1" is for homes on the fringes of coverage areas, intermediate standard "2" is suitable for use within the coverage area; minimum standard "3" is for good coverage conditions.

These aerials can be either wideband, or receive only selected frequencies - see "groups" below.


You may haved used a 'Grid aerial' for analogue reception, but as they are generally unsuitable for Freeview reception, they have now generally been replaced by the Yagi type. However in some places a Grid aerial installation may work for Freeview: otherwise replace with a standard Yagi aerial.


Indoor aerials are generally not suitable for Freeview reception. In areas of good signal strength it is often possible to receive some transmissions. Even where an aerial works, people often find that may get interruptions to their viewing (or recording).

Loft mounted

Loft mounted arrivals are not generally recommended for Freeview reception, as the roof tiles and plumbing will degrade the signal. Some compensation for this loss of signal can be made by using satellite-grade cable to connect the set top box to the aerial.


The best position for a TV aerial is mounted outdoors, as high from the ground as possible, pointing directly at the transmitter. The signal can be blocked by hills and tall buildings. It should be positioned away from any other aerials.

Horizontal or vertical?

The transmitter will either use vertical mode which requires the elements of your aerial to be up-down, or horizontal mode which requires them to be level with the ground.


Both analogue and digital television is transmitted the same group of transmission frequencies (known as channel 21 through to 60). A coloured marking on the aerial shows the group.

To create the best possible analogue picture, TV transmissions from adjacent transmitters have been designated to several different groups of frequencies. By using an aerial that receives only the channels in the correct group, the analogue picture can be kept free from interference.

To receive Freeview transmissions from the same transmitter it has been sometimes necessary to use frequencies that are not part of the transmitter's normal group. When this has occurred, the aerial will need to be replaced with a "wideband" aerial (also known as group W) - one that covers every group.

As Ofcom is planning to move the TV frequencies again - perhaps as soon as 2018 - it may be wise to use a wideband aerial if you can to ensure you can keep viewing Freeview for many years to come.

Help with Television sets?
Why are all TVs on sale not digital?1
Do I still have to pay for a TV licence?2
I had perfect channel 5 reception - until I got a digital TV box!3
I Have a Pocket Tv For taking out so I can keep up with news and sport. Will thi4
The pictures from my digital box are all green!5
In this section
Loft aerials1
Do I need to buy a booster?2
How to receive Freeview on your PC3
Indoor aerials4
Whole house digital TV5
Connecting it all up6

Monday, 3 October 2011
Steve P

11:02 PM

Des C - glad you agree - but what with?

link to this comment
Steve P's 1,173 posts GB flag
Steve's: mapS's Freeview map terrainS's terrain plot wavesS's frequency data S's Freeview Detailed Coverage
Tuesday, 4 October 2011
len craig
1:04 PM

can I use a metal pole to fix the aerial to, it will be mounted out side on the chimney because the poles on offer are alloy

link to this comment
len craig's 1 post GB flag
Steve P

4:06 PM

alloy IS metal, as is steel, and both are used for aerials.

Unless long, does not matter. Pole wisdom:

TV Aerial and Satellite Poles, Masts & Brackets (LL145HD)

link to this comment
Steve P's 1,173 posts GB flag
Wednesday, 5 October 2011
Des Collier

5:52 PM


link to this comment
Des Collier's 171 posts GB flag
Thursday, 6 October 2011
11:28 AM

I purchased a oneforall SV9323 aerial for my bedroom tv. I get all itv chanels but cannot get bbc. My post code is NN8 5WE and on Sandy Heath transmitter. Apparently my aerial is 38db if I got one that is more than this will I get BBC channels?

link to this comment
Gloria's 2 posts GB flag
Gloria's: mapG's Freeview map terrainG's terrain plot wavesG's frequency data G's Freeview Detailed Coverage
Steve P

1:27 PM

Your signal is too weak for an indoor antenna so you are lucky to get what you get. Have you triued with it outside the window? Pointing 120 degrees - 90 is East, 180 South, so 1/3rd of the way south from east!

OR if window faces north, try due north for Waltham channel 61 for BBC.

link to this comment
Steve P's 1,173 posts GB flag
Friday, 14 October 2011
Mark Fletcher

2:07 AM

Des Collier.In the case of Belmont,diplexing a group A and a group C/D aerial is very effective although fr's 38-47 are not covered.But if it means getting higher gain signals especially the group A fr's 21-37,which are somewhat ineffective with group W wideband aerials,then so much the better.Grouped aerials A,B,C/D have equally highest signal gains,while semi-widebands group K (lower-middle band) and group E (middle-upper band) although slightly lower in gain,have a much higher gain than the group W wideband aerials,which have the lowest gains yet they are only satisfactory for the middle and more so higher frequencies (similar to group E bands) but quite poor on the lower group A frequencies with a low gain.There is no such thing as a high gain group W wideband aerial,but as far as Belmont is concerned diplexing a group A aerial with either group C/D or group E aerial (group W widebands only as a last resort though not really recommended) using satellite grade black (preferred) or brown cable and a brass co-ax plug,are highly recommended options.

link to this comment
Mark Fletcher's 673 posts GB flag
Mark's: mapM's Freeview map terrainM's terrain plot wavesM's frequency data M's Freeview Detailed Coverage
Tuesday, 18 October 2011
Des Collier

6:23 PM

Mark Fletcher:- Thanks Mark,my installation is wired up using PF100 sattelite cable,with the proper plugs etc,i use a VISION LOG 40
LOG PERIODIC AERIAL, and works well,but i'm not that far away from the transmitter,and get a decent signal.

link to this comment
Des Collier's 171 posts GB flag
Wednesday, 19 October 2011
Marc Budd
1:53 PM

Hello - I live in the Hanwell Fields area of Banbury postcode OX161AA, up to around 2 months ago I had perfect freeview reception on 3 TV sets using an arial in the loft, then all of a sudden the picture got worse and worse and now there is nothing.
I have tried to reposition the arial using a DVT device that i purchased that you plug directly into the arial cable and search for the best signal but there is no position that gives me a signal. Do i now need to look at mounting the arial outside or am I just in a really bad area.
Any advice would be appreciated.

link to this comment
Marc Budd's 1 post EU flag
Steve P

3:38 PM

... UK digital TV reception predictor

Shows you as having a very local repeater, which implies local problems. You can use same aerial but needs to be turned vertical. And shows only the "Main" Muxes.

If you plug your postocde in top right lots of other info clickable.

Are your neighbours having same problem?

Could it be a fault in your cabling?

link to this comment
Steve P's 1,173 posts GB flag
Select more comments

Your comment please
Please post a question, answer or commentUK Free TV is here to help people. If you are rude or disrespectful all of your posts will be deleted and you will be banned.

Privacy policy: UK Free Privacy policy.